AAU Career

Types of employment

A ‘job’ can have many different shapes and sizes.

Previously, the most common way of having a job in Denmark was to get it and keep it. Now, things are often a bit different. Here are some of the job types you may encounter in your career in Denmark:

  • Temporary positions
  • Part-time positions
  • Project positions
  • Starting your own business (startup)
  • Freelance work

These types of employment have become increasingly more common. For better or for worse.

➡ Let's look into the different types and what you need to be aware of - as well as what you may use to pave the way for entering the Danish job market.

The job market is changeable

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    What type of job is best?

    Not one type of job is better than the next.

    Some are more comfortable with the idea of knowing their employment status for the next many years, while others become claustrophobic just by thinking of keeping the same job for just a few years. Those are just different preferences.

    In addition, it is not always possible to obtain the type of employment you would prefer right away.

    All the different types of jobs hashave their own up- and downsides. 

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    What is most important for me; What I do? Or for how long I do it?

    The different types of jobs are primarily defined by their form – not their content.

    Almost all (except the startup which is a quite different thing) the types of jobs can contain the different elements that you might be looking for in a job. Therefore, you should consider what is most important for you; What you do? Or for how long you do it? Both are valid priorities when looking for jobs.

    Often, what we see is that the temporary positions lead to either a renewal or a different position in the same organisation – but of course, there are no guarantees. Moreover, the competencies you gain will be just as valuable. Maybe even more valuable as they can turn out to be the deciding factor when your future employer chooses its new employee.

    No matter what, any type of job is an investment in your future career. It will pay off eventually. Just be sure to make the most of what you do and enjoy the elements you like about it.

Job types

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    Permanent full-time positions – what characterises them?

    This is the ‘old’ type of job, 37 hours a week and no expiration date.

    Sometimes it is just not an option, and so it's a good idea to find security in other aspects of your working life than duration.

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    Part time jobs – what characterises them?

    Part-time positions are jobs where you do not work the 37 hours a week as in full-time positions. Instead, you might work 20, 30 or 32 hours. Part-time positions can be both permanent and temporary.

    Happiness is not always a 37-hour workweek. Maybe you want to prioritize your family or some leisure activity. A part-time job makes it possible.

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    Project positions (fixed-term positions) – what characterises them?

    A project position is a temporary position. It could be anywhere from 3 months to 3 years. This type of position is financed by a pool of money set aside specifically for that project.

    Many of the time- and scope-limited positions are linked to one or more specific tasks that must be completed during the period of employment.

    If you think the tasks are fun and exciting – and maybe even something that might qualify you for your next employment - it may be worth the “uncertainty.”

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    Startups – what characterises them?

    A startup is a young company that has few employees. Logically, a startup grows up and becomes “a company.” Therefore, a big part of working in a startup is to help develop the company – preferably in close collaboration with the founder, who definitely spends a lot of time working on the business.

    The advantage of working in a startup is that you are close to where it all happens. You will most likely take on many different roles because of the small number of employees.

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    Freelancers – what characterises them?

    A freelancer is someone who is self-employed in a relatively specific field. Many journalists, e.g., are freelancers. In this way, they can be hired for various journalistic tasks, just as they can be permanently affiliated with media houses, but with the view that they are not employed in the company, but by the company. Not quite unlike a project hire.

    A freelancer can get many different tasks because he/she can be involved in several different contexts simultaneously.

Non-ordinary jobs

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    What is a non-ordinary job?

    An ordinary job is a regular, payed job.

    A non-ordinary job, on the other hand, is a job where the employer in one way or another does not have to pay your full salary. As unemployed, you might get a job with wage subsidy or a job training programme. As newly graduated this can be a good way of “getting a foot in the door” to the job market, expanding your network and not least the practical experience that you might be needing – and maybe it could lead you to an ordinary job.

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    Wage subsidy (“løntilskud”) – what does it entail?

    A job with wage subsidies is an offer made to unemployed people, where the employer recieves a financial subsidy to cover a part of your salary.

    The purpose is to develop your competencies, network and experiece with a field that lies within your educational background.

     

    The advantages of wage subsidies:

    • Can be an effective way to land an ordinary job
    • Gives you practical experience with tasks and ways of working
    • You can make use of it in your future job search

     

    Read about wage subsidy on jobnet.dk

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    Internship (”virksomhedspraktik”) – what does it entail?

    Job training / internship is an offer that aims at clarifying and developing your competencies by having an internship at a company and in this way increase your chances for getting a job.

    The internship can be in either private or public companies and the different goals and content of the traineeship is agreed upon between you, the company, and the job centre.

     

    The advantages of internship:

    • A great way to gain more experience and try out new fields
    • You will expand your network
    • Can lead to an ordinary job

     

    Read about job training at jobnet.dk

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    Subsidy schemes – what does it entail?

    Subsidy schemes may be a possibility, depending on the circumstances. This means that the company will receive a subsidy each month to pay you, and you will still receive a full salary.

    Subsidy schemes exist in order to make companies more aware of the potential of hiring academics and to develop new areas of business.

    Read about these programmes at Innovationsfonden

     

    Read about jobs in small and medium sized enterprises

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